Assessing Teenager’s engagement in Regular Physical Exercise: A Case Study in Selected Town Administrations of North Shoa Zone

Main Article Content

Huluager Abebe
Gizew Fetene
Elsabet Gebeyehu
Sosina Tamene
Tilahun Yimer


Along with the general health benefits to be gained with regular physical activity, it is important to remember that physical fitness also reduces the risk of premature death caused by cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression, et cetera. Promoting health and physical fitness must begin at a young age and continue throughout the lifespan since the risk of chronic disease starts in childhood and increases into adulthood. Students’ overall physical fitness and health are important prerequisites for high academic performance and social and emotional well-being. The general objective of this study was to assessing Teenager’s engagement in Regular Physical Exercise: A Case Study in Selected Town Administrations of North Shoa Zone. To achieve this objective researches selected two administrated town and one region metropolitan city based on proximity. The study populations were all volunteers, randomly and purposively selected grade 8 students and teachers in the selected towns. A total of 981 students and 6 physical education teachers were participating in the study as sample. This research was used descriptive research design and a combination of stratified sampling or cluster sampling, purposive sampling and simple random sampling were used. To determine sample size in each stratum the researchers was used Taro Yamane formula with 95% confidence level. The researchers were used questionnaire, interview and observation check list as data collection instrument. The descriptive statistics result shown that the majority of teenage students don’t meet the standard level of physical activity and there are different challenges that inhibit them from participating in physical activity even though they have positive perception about physical activity. Based on this the researchers found that engagement of teenage students in regular physical exercise at the selected town is low. Accordingly, implications and recommendations of the study were discussed and forwarded.

Article Details

How to Cite
Huluager Abebe, Gizew Fetene, Elsabet Gebeyehu, Sosina Tamene, & Tilahun Yimer. (2024). Assessing Teenager’s engagement in Regular Physical Exercise: A Case Study in Selected Town Administrations of North Shoa Zone. Afri Journal, 4(2).

How to Cite

Huluager Abebe, Gizew Fetene, Elsabet Gebeyehu, Sosina Tamene, & Tilahun Yimer. (2024). Assessing Teenager’s engagement in Regular Physical Exercise: A Case Study in Selected Town Administrations of North Shoa Zone. Afri Journal, 4(2).



Andersen LB, Haraldsdottir J. 1993. Tracking of cardiovascular disease risk factors including maximal oxygen uptake and physical activity from late teenage to adulthood: an 8 year follow-up study. Journal of Internal Medicine.; 234:309-315.

Anjali, Manisha S. 2018. Perceived Barriers of Young Adults for Participation in Physical Activity. Department of Food and Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, Delhi University, New Delhi 110001, India.

Bailey, R. 2006.mju ―Physical education and sport in schools: a review of benefits and outcomes‖, Journal of School Health, Vol. 76/8, pp. 397-401.

Barnekow-Bergkvist, M., Hedberg, G., Janlert, U., & Jansson, E. (1996). Physical activity pattern in men and women at the ages of 16 and 34 and development of physical activity from adolescence to adulthood. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 6(6), 359-370.

Bauman, A.E. et al. 2012. ―Correlates of physical activity: why are some people physically active and others not?‖, The Lancet, Vol. 380/9838, pp. 258-71.

Biddle, S.J.H. and M. Asare. 2011. ―Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews‖, British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 45, pp. 886- 895.

Charlton, R., Gravenor, M.B., Rees, A. et al. 2014. Factors associated with low fitness in adolescents – A mixed methods study. BMC Public Health 14, 764.

De Vos N, Singh N, Ross D, Stavrinos T. 2003.Optimal Load for Increasing Muscle Power during Explosive Resistance Training in Older Adults. The Journals of Gerontology 2005; 60A(5):638-647. doi:10.1093/gerona/60.5.638.

Government of Canada. (2013). Healthy Canadians. Retrieved from

Griffin, C. 1997. Representations of the Young. Youth In Society: Contemporary Theory, Policy and Practice. Roche, J., & Tucker, S (Eds.), Sage, London, 10-18.

Hallal, P.C. et al. 2012. ―Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls,and prospects‖, The Lancet, Vol. 380/9838, pp. 247-57, 6736(12)60646-1.

Haskell, W. et al. 2007. ―Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the american college of sports medicine and the american heart association‖, Circulation, Vol. 116, pp. 1081-93.

Hirvensalo, M., & Lintunen, T. 2011. Life-course perspective for physical activity and sports participation. European Group for Research into Elderly and Physical Activity, 8, 13-22. doi:10.1007/s11556-010-0076-3

Huet M. & Savary C. 1995. Africa dances. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-54195-7

Janssen, I. and A. G. LeBlanc. 2010. ―Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth‖, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 7/40, 5868-7-40.

Joan Martins Adilson Marques Hugo Sarmento et al. 2015. Adolescents’ perspectives on the barriers and facilitators of physical activity: a systematic review of qualitative studies. Health Education Research, Volume 30, Issue 5, Pages 742–755

Joint Consortium for School Health. (2009). Physical activity within a comprehensive school health model: School policy makers’ toolkit. Victoria, BC: Author. Retrieved from ForSchoolPolicyMakersInSupportOfA.sflb.ashx

Jones DA, Ainsworth BE, Croft JB. 1998. Moderate leisure-time activity: who is meeting the public health recommendations? A national cross-sectional study. Archives of Family Medicine., 285-289.

Koul, L. 1996. Methodology of Educational Research. New Delhi; Vikas PublishingHouse Pvt. Ltd.

National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. 2006. Your Guide to Physical Activity and Your Heart (PDF). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Penedo, F.J. and J.R. Dahn. 2005. ―Exercise and well-being: a review of mental and physical health benefits associated with physical activity‖, Current Opinion in Psychiatry, Vol. 18/2, pp. 189-193.

Sarah W and Stuart J.H. Biddle. 2008. Adolescent Girls’ Perceptions of Physical Activity. European physical education review, volume 14(2):243-26

Silverman, S. & Subramaniam, P. R. 1999, ‘Student attitude toward physical education and physical activity: A review of measurement issues and outcomes’, Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 19:97-125.

St. Leger, L., Young, I., Blanchard, C., & Perry, M. (2010). Promoting health in schools: From evidence to action. Saint Denis Cedex, France: International Union for Health Promotion and Education. Retrieved from lth/PHiS_EtA_EN_WEB.pdf

Steinberg, L. 2014b. Age of opportunity: Lessons from the New Science of Adolescence. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Strong, W.B. et al. 2005. ―Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth‖, The Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 146 /6, pp. 732-737,

Tammelin, T., Nayha, S., Laitinen, J., Rintamaki, H., & Jarvelin, M. (2003). Physical activity and social status in adolescence as predictors of physical inactivity in adulthood. Preventative Medicine, 37(4), 375-381.

Trost SG, Pate RR, Sallis JF, Freedson PS, Taylor WC, Dowda M et al. 2002. Age and gender differences in objectively measured physical activity in youth. Medicine Science & Sports Exercise.; 34:350-5.

US Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, 2nd edition. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2018.

Vuori I. 1995. Exercise and physical health: Musculoskeletal health and functional capabilities. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.; 66:276-285.

Warburton, D. E. R., Nicol, C., & Bredin, S. S. (2006). Health benefits of physical activity: The evidence. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 174(6), 801-809. doi:10.1503/cmaj.051351.

Wilmore J, Knuttgen H. 2003. Aerobic Exercise and Endurance Improving Fitness for Health Benefits. The Physician and Sportsmedicine; 31(5):45. doi:10.3810/psm. 05.367.

World Health Organization. 2013a. Physical activity. Retrieved from

Yamane, Taro. 1967. Statistics, An Introductory Analysis, 2nd Ed., New York: Harper and Row.

Youth risk behavior surveillance: 1999. United States, Morbidity and mortality weekly report. CDC surveillance summaries/Centers for Disease Control; 49(5):1-32.